role of government in food secuity | what is buffer stock | what is public distribution system | what is FCI | full form of FCI | what is food secuity | exact pedia |

Role of government in food security 

The department of food and public distribution is responsible for the management of the food economy of the nation. It undertakes various activities, such as storage, movement, and delivery to the distributing agencies.
The food security system of the government has two components :
1. Buffer Stock 
2. Public Distribution System
1. Buffer Stock : Buffer stock is the stock of foodgrains procured by the government through Food Corporation of India (FCI). The Buffer Stock is created by the government to distribute foodgrains in the deficit areas and among the poor people at lower price than the market price also known as Issue Price. Buffer stock also helps to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the period of calamity. Procurement of foodgrains from the farmers by the government serves the twin purpose :
(i) It ensures remunerative price to the farmers. 
(ii) It helps in building buffer stocks.
Though there are private agencies to procure food yet most of the foodgrains are procured by government agencies. The foodgrains from the farmers are procured by FCI.

FCI : The Food Corporation of India was set in 1965. The main functions of FCI are :
(i) To procure foodgrains directly from the
(ii) To store the foodgrains. 
(iii) To distribute the foodgrains to various

2. Publie Distribution System (PDS) : Supply of essential commodities to the people through governmental agencies is known as Public Distribution System (PDS). It is used as an important activity of the state to ensure food security to the people, particularly the poor ones. Under PDS, the Central Government has assumed responsibility for supply of essential commodities like wheat, rice, sugar, edible oils and kerosene. This scheme is implemented with the help of the government in states and Union Territories. There are more than 4.9 lakh Fair Price Shops to distribute the essential commodities. The prices of the goods sold through PDS in fair price shops is less than that of the market price. The cost of this price difference is borne by the government. This amount is known as a subsidy. Apart from enabling the poor to buy goods from fair price shops, this system controls the unscrupulous rise in prices for essential goods in the markets.  

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